Kashmir, Pakistan

Kashmir, archaically spelled Cashmere, is the northwestern region of South Asia. Until the mid-19th century, the term Kashmir geographically denoted only the valley between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal mountain range.

The state of Azad Jammu and Kashmir comprises an area of 5134 square miles (13,297,000 square kilometers). The topography of the area is mainly hilly and mountainous with valleys and stretches of plains. The area is full of natural beauty with thick forest, fast flowing rivers and winding streams. Main rivers are Jehlum, Neelum and Poonch. The climate is sub-tropical highland type with an average yearly rainfall of 130000 mm.

The elevation ranges from 360 meters in the south to 6325 meters in the North. According to the 1998 population census, the State of Azad Jammu & Kashmir had a population of 22.973, which estimated to have grown to 33.4 million in 2004. Almost 100% population is Muslim.

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