Kashmir (Kashmiri:كشهير ; Urdu: کشمیر‎; Shina: کشمیر), archaically spelled Cashmere, is in the northwestern region of South Asia. Until the mid-19th century, the term Kashmir geographically denoted only the valley between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal mountain range. Today, it denotes a larger area that includes the Indian administered territories of Jammu and Kashmir (which consists of Jammu, the Kashmir Valley, and Ladakh), the Pakistan administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit–Baltistan, and the Chinese-administered regions of Aksai Chin and the Trans-Karakoram Tract.

Azad Jammu and Kashmir (Urdu: آزاد جموں و کشمیرAzad Jammu o Kashmir), abbreviated as AJK or Azad Kashmir (“free Kashmir”), is a self-governing state under the federation of Pakistan. The territory lies west of the Indian-administered state ofJammu and Kashmir, and was previously part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, which ceased to exist as a result of the first Kashmir war fought between India and Pakistan in 1947.